BM08 - XAFS/XRF (X-ray Absorption Fine Structure/X-ray Fluorescence) spectroscopy beamline




Welcome to the XAFS/XRF beamline at SESAME.

XAFS/XRF is a beamline dedicated to X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy. It is built on the bending magnet at the eighth cell of the SESAME storage ring (BM08) and allows access to a wide energy range: from 4.7 to 30 keV, with high photon flux (109-1012 ph/s) and high beam stability. This meets the needs of a large number of researchers.

The XAFS/XRF beamline is designed for X-ray spectroscopic studies in all fields of science.

The monochromatic X-ray beam of XAFS/XRF, combined with the highly-sensitive 64 element silicon drift detector, and the ionization chambers and motorized stages for sample and detector movements offers the synergistic application of X-Ray Absorption and Fluorescence Spectroscopy for multidisciplinary applications.

This instrument, which has been hosting users since July 2018, may be used in numerous fields of research among which: environmental science, energy storage, cultural heritage, and catalysis, as well as solid state physics and bio-chemistry. 

Beamline Optical Layout

The XAFS/XRF beamline is located at the bending-magnet port BM08 of the SESAME storage ring. The beamline optics uses horizontally a fan of 3.0 mrad of synchrotron radiation of the SESAME bending magnet (1.45 T magnetic field with a critical energy 6.05 keV). 


XAFS/XRF beamline - General view
XAFS/XRF beamline - General view


Front End

The first beamline element, after the photon shatter, is a water-cooled fixed mask, which defines the acceptance of the beam line (3.0 mrad horizontally and 0.6 mrad vertically) and reduces the heat load on the optical components by cutting off the off-axis radiation. This mask is followed by a pair of water-cooled white beam slits to define the primary beam size and a water-cooled copper rod equipped with three filters of different thickness for heat management. The beamline vacuum is separated from the ring vacuum by a CVD window (250 µm thickness). To further protect the storage ring vacuum from ruptures of the beam line vacuum a fast closing shutter is installed in the front-end section. Its sensor is placed just before the CVD window in the optical hutch. 

Beamline Optics 

The main elements are a fixed-exit double-crystal monochromator (DCM) located between a collimating and focusing cylindrically bent mirrors installed before and after the monochromator, respectively; each of the mirrors is double coated Si and Pt. The primary water-cooled slits are located at 12.8 m from the source after the fixed, they define the horizontal and vertical dimensions of the polychromatic beam impinging the collimating mirror (VCM, first mirror). diagnostic tools are installed after each major component such as beam position wire monitors located after the VCM and DCM and an x-ray sensitive screen that can be inserted just after the vertically focusing mirror (VFM, second mirror). Both mirrors are tilted to grazing angles (~ 2.8 mrad) in order to optimize simultaneously the angular acceptance of the incoming beam and the mirror reflectivity. Finally, a monochromatic shutter is installed at the end of the hutch for allowing the experimenter to access experimental hutches while keeping a constant heat load on the optics.


Top view of the beamline optics
Top view of the beamline optics


Mirrors reflectivity at 2.8 mrad incident beam angle for Pt and Si coating for the Si coating so that the Pt L edges artifacts in the beam are covered
Mirrors reflectivity at 2.8 mrad incident beam angle for Pt and Si coating
for the Si coating so that the Pt L edges artifacts in the beam are covered


Sample manipulator

Sample manipulator

Experimental Station (End Station)

An optical table with 6-axis of freedom is used as support for different detectors (ICs, XRF detectors) as well as the support for some sample manipulator and other sample environment devises.

The standard sample manipulator consists of several modules including a horizontal and vertical translation stages as well as rotational stages covering 360° in addition to swivelling stage. The manipulator can take up to 10kg load and allow the installation and alignment of most in-situ experimental setups.



Detectors and experimental setup:

XAFS data can be collected in both transmission and fluorescence mode:

  • Transmission mode:
    3 ionization chambers are used. Two ICs (15 cm) are used downstream and upstream the sample for recording I0 and It and a third one (30 cm) used for recording the reference.
  • Fluorescence mode:
    Two detectors are available for use in fluorescence mode:

    Multi-element SDD state-of-the-art and unique fluorescence detector developed by INFN for samples with extreme low content (down to few ppm)

    • 64 elements
    • High count rate (~15 M cts/s)
    • Higher efficiency (low deadtime)

    Single element SDD for samples with concentration (>100 ppm)

    • 1 element D-XAS Ketek 
    • “DXP-Mercury” electronics from XIA
    • ICR (~1 Mcts/s)​​​​​​

The experimental setup in transmission and fluorescence mode for XAFS data acquisition


X-ray Excited Optical Luminescence (XEOL)

XEOL is available at the end station of BM-08 XAFS/XRF beamline with emission spectra measurement capability under irradiation with X-ray beam. Combined with XAFS and XRF, the new technique enables users to probe optical channels in materials, and directly correlate them with the chemical composition, oxidation state/symmetry site, coordination geometry, and local atomic structure order of the photoabsorbers. The set-up can also accommodate a LASER source, provided by the users, allowing to measure emission spectra under simultaneous LASER excitation. This experimental setup was financially supported by International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

XEOL experimental setup: Sample environment with optical fiber for collecting the luminescence signals (right) and Spectrometer for acquiring the emission spectrum (left).


Sample Environment

LN2 Cryojet for cooling sample (~95 K)
          LN2 Cryojet for cooling sample (~95 K)
  • LN2 Cryojet to cool down the sample to a temperature of about 95 K.
  • Users can bring their own equipment for in-situ experiment (Cell, furnace, etc.) can be adapted to the beamline experimental station. 
    • Please note that the spatial resolution of the bam on sample doesn´t allow any experiment with small beam such as high-pressure using diamond cells or elemental XRF mapping. 
  • All forms of samples are accepted whether solid (bulk or powder), liquid and/or gas. If holders do not exist yet at the beamline, they can be fabricated at the SESAME workshop.

Users are reminded that they should contact the XRF/XAFS beamline scientists when drafting their proposal to discuss the sample environments and beamline characteristcs.



Beamline Energy Range
4.7 - 30 [keV]
Max Flux On Sample
5 * 1011 [ph/s] @ 8 [keV]
Spot Size On Sample Hor
1 - 20 [mm]
Spot Size On Sample Vert
1 - 5 [mm]

Bending Magnet (D08)

Bending Magnet
Source Divergence Sigma
X = 266.6 [urad], Y = 11.5 [urad]
Source Size Sigma
X = 232.3 [um], Y = 81 [um]

DCM - Si(111)

Energy Range
4.7 - 30 [keV]
Fixed Exit Beam
Resolving Power
1 * 10-4 [deltaE/E]

DCM - Si(311)

Energy Range
4.7 - 30 [keV]
Fixed Exit Beam
Resolving Power
5 * 10-5 [deltaE/E]


Vertical Collimating Mirror

Dimensions (mm): 1200 x 70
Active area (mm): 1000 x 70
Coatings : Double coating Si and Pt
Angle of incidence (mrad) : 2.8 (can vary)
Substrate: Silicon single crystal
Cooling: Water cooled
Flatness: Cylindrical
Type of bender: Pneumatic
Minimum radius (km): 5.3


Vertical Focusing Mirror

Dimensions (mm): 1200 x 70
Active area (mm): 1000 x 70
Coatings : Double coating Si and Pt
Angle of incidence (mrad) : Variable
Substrate: ZERODUR
Cooling: Uncooled
Flatness: Cylindrical
Type of bender: Pneumatic
Minimum radius (km): 5.3

End Station

The experimental station is equipped with an optical table with 6 axis of freedom and used as support for different detectors (ICs, XRF detectors) as well as for the sample manipulator and other sample environmental devises.
Endstation Operative


Sample Type
Crystal, Amorphous, Powder, Gel, Liquid, Gas

Techniques usage

Absorption / EXAFS
XAFS data can be collected in Transmission and Fluorescence mode

INFN (Multi SDD)

A Multi Silicon Drift Detector (64 SDDs)
Fluorescence Detector based on 64 SDDs
Operating temperature range: +24 to -45 °C
Signal output: Low noise preamplifier
sensitive area: 9 mm2 per SDD
Total collimated sensitive area: : 499 mm2
Resolution (FWHM) @5.9keV: < 150 eV (1Mcps with 1.6 μs pt)
Sampling rate: up to 15 Mcps
Output Readout Software
FICUS (developed by INFN, Elettra, SESAME)


Detected Particle

Ketek (Singl El. SDD)

AXAS-D VITUS SDD (Single Element)
Operating temperature range: 0 to +50°C
Signal output: Low noise preamplifier
Peaking time range: 0.1 to 24 μs in 24 steps
Active Area: 20 mm2
Resolution (FWHM) @5.9keV - 125 eV (100 Kcps with 2 μs picking time)
Output Readout Software
EPICS based MEDM with Graphical User Interface


Detected Particle

XEOL Spectrometer

High Sensitivity Spectrometer QE Pro - ABS
The QE Pro is a high sensitivity spectrometer with low stray light performance. It is ideal for a wide range of low light level applications such as fluorescence
Pixel Size
X = 1024 [um], Y = 58 [um]
1 * 10-3 [nm]
Output Readout Software


Detected Particle

  • Sample Type: Crystal, Amorphous, Powder, Gel and Liquid.
  • A modest set of tools for sample preparation can be used to prepare samples such as spatulas, balance, mortars, hydraulic press for pallets (12 mm dies), binders, etc. 



Fig. - Different tools for sample preparation


  • Users are offered the help to calculate the thickness of the samples and to prepare pallets.
  • Data are collected using a home developed (Python based) software.
  • XAFS (XANES & EXAFS) data are saved in an ASCII format.
  • XRF data are saved in JSON, CSV or HDF5 formats.

Many software can be used for Software for XAFS and XRF data analyses. Available on beamline platform are:

2024 (8), 2023 (11), 2022 (10), 2021 (11), 2020 (6), 2019 (4), All (50), Thesis (1)


  1. Potentially Toxic Elements Distribution, Petrography, and Synchrotron Characterization in Polluted Soils Around Industrial Complex, Central Jordan
    Journal of Hazardous Materials Advances, Vol. , pp. 100423 (2024)
    T El-Hasan, A Aldrabee, M Harfouche
    doi: 10.1016/j.hazadv.2024.100423

  2. Local atomic structural behavior in amorphous and crystalline diphosphate glasses co-doped by different transition metal ions (Ni2+, Cu2+ and Co2+): XAFS and XRD analysis
    Materials Letters, Vol. 362, pp. 136235 (2024)
    Y Islem Bourezg, M Kharroubi, M Harfouche, F Sahnoune, A Djemli, D Bradai
    doi: 10.1016/j.matlet.2024.136235

  3. Long-life (Co, Al, Mg)-doped LiMn1.5Ni0.5O4 cathodes prepared by co-precipitation method
    Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, Vol. , pp. (2024)
    M. Kunduraci, H. Boyaci, U. Çağlayan, D. Çirmi, O.M. Ozkendir, M. Harfouche, B. Gözmen
    doi: 10.1007/s10008-024-05912-8

  4. Unveiling the outstanding full-cell performance of P2-type Na0.67(Mn0.44Ni0.06Fe0.43Ti0.07)O2 cathode active material for Na-ion batteries
    Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 591, pp. 233775 (2024)
    B Kalyoncuoglu, M Ozgul, S Altundag, M Harfouche, E Oz, S Avci, X Ji, S Altin, MN Ates
    doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2023.233775

  5. Tracking coordination environment and optoelectronic structure of Eu3+ and Sm3+ sites via X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray excited optical luminescence
    Materials Today: Proceedings, Vol. 00, pp. 0000-0000 (2024)
    L.U. Khan, Z.U. Khan, R.I. AlZubi, M.A. Umer, H.K. Juwhari, M. Harfouche, H.F. Brito
    doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2024.03.028

  6. Tune and turn the pyrolysis of metal organic frameworks towards stable supported nickel catalysts for the dry reforming of methane
    Applied Surface Science, Vol. 666, pp. 160388 (2024)
    E.P. Komarala, A.A. Dabbawala, M. Harfouche, M.A. Vasiliades, N. Charisiou, D.H. Anjum, S. Mao, M. Rueping, M.A. Baker, M.A. Goula, A.M. Efstathiou, K. Polychronopoulou
    doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2024.160388

  7. Growth of copper-nickel (Cu-Ni) dual atom catalysts over graphene variants as active anodes for clean oxygen generation: Integrative experimental and computational validation
    Nano Energy, Vol. 125, pp. 109479 (2024)
    S Musa, BM Pirzada, SH Talib, DH Anjum, MA Haija, S Mohamed, A Qurashi
    doi: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2024.109479

  8. Evolution of Oxygen Vacancy Sites in Ceria-Based High-Entropy Oxides and Their Role in N2 Activation
    ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, Vol. 16 - 18, pp. 23038-23053 (2024)
    O Elmutasim, AG Hussien, A Sharan, S AlKhoori, MA Vasiliades, IMA Taha, S Kim, M Harfouche, A Emwas, DH Anjum, AM Efstathiou, CT Yavuz, N Singh, K Polychronopoulou
    doi: 10.1021/acsami.3c16521

  1. Insight into a pure spinel Co3O4 and boron, nitrogen, sulphur (BNS) tri-doped Co3O4-rGO nanocomposite for the electrocatalytic oxygen reduction reaction
    RSC Adv., Vol. 13 - 41, pp. 28602-28612 (2023)
    A.K. Bhatti, N. Jabeen, A. Bashir, L.U. Khan, S.W. Bokhari, Z. Akhter
    doi: 10.1039/d3ra04600a

  2. Crystal structures, Hirshfeld surfaces, Infrared, and XRF/XAFS studies of Long-chain 2D Lead-free Hybrid Perovskite NH3(CH2)9NH3MCl4 (M = Mn, Co, Cu)
    Journal of Molecular Structure, Vol. 1276, pp. 134757 (2023)
    S.K. Abdel-Aal, M. Harfouche, A. Ouasri, A.S. Abdel-Rahman
    doi: 10.1016/j.molstruc.2022.134757

  3. Local atomic structure order and electrochemical properties of NiO based nano-catalysts for ethanol sensing at room temperature
    Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, Vol. 175, pp. 111201-111211 (2023)
    F Sajid, N Jabeen, LU Khan, M Sohail, A Rehman, Z Akhter
    doi: 10.1016/j.jpcs.2022.111201

  4. L-shell x-ray fluorescence relative intensities for elements with 62
    Chinese Physics B, Vol. 32 - 8, pp. 083201
    M. Alqadi, S. Al-Humaidi, H. Alkhateeb, F. Alzoubi
    doi: 10.1088/1674-1056/accb46

    Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry, Vol. 23 - 1, pp. 199-208 (2023)
    S. Al Khasawneh, K. Khasawneh, A. Aldrabee, M. Harfouche
    doi: 10.5281/zenodo.7775790

  6. The Effect of CrFe2O4 Addition on the Ionic Conductivity Properties of Manganese-Substituted LiFeO2 Material
    Journal of Electronic Materials, Vol. , pp. (2023)
    S. Gunaydin, H. Miyazaki, S. Saran, H. Baveghar, G. Celik, M. Harfouche, M. Abdellatief, O.M. Ozkendir
    doi: 10.1007/s11664-023-10755-6

  7. Colloidal Quantum Dots as an Emerging Vast Platform and Versatile Sensitizer for Singlet Molecular Oxygen Generation
    ACS Omega, Vol. 00, pp. 0000-0000 (2023)
    Z.U. Khan, L.U. Khan, H.F. Brito, M. Gidlund, O.L. Malta, P. Di Mascio
    doi: 10.1021/acsomega.3c03962

  8. Strategy to Probe the Local Atomic Structure of Luminescent Rare Earth Complexes by X-ray Absorption Near-Edge Spectroscopy Simulation Using a Machine Learning-Based PyFitIt Approach
    Inorg. Chem., Vol. 00 - 00, pp. 0000-0000 (2023)
    L.U. Khan, Z.U. Khan, L. Blois, L. Tabassam, H.F. Brito, S.J.A. Figueroa
    doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.2c03850

  9. Insight into the Local Atomic Structure Order and Luminescence of Rare Earths
    The Nucleus, Vol. 60 - 1, pp. 78-85 (2023)
    L.U. Khan, Z.U. Khan, M.A. Umar
    doi: 10.

  10. Optimizing the electrochemical activity and understanding the reaction mechanism of Li3.27FeII0.19FeIII0.81V(PO4)3 cathode material for lithium-ion batteries
    Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 575, pp. 233190 (2023)
    H. Aziam, A. Mahmoud, D. Mikhailova, M. Harfouche, I. Saadoune, H. Ben Youcef
    doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2023.233190

  11. Singlet Molecular Oxygen Generation via Unexpected Emission Color-Tunable CdSe/ZnS Nanocrystals for Applications in Photodynamic Therapy
    ACS Appl. Nano Mater., Vol. , pp. (2023)
    ZU Khan, LU Khan, MK Uchiyama, FM Prado, RL Faria, IF Costa, S Miyamoto, K Araki, M Gidlund, HF Brito, P Di Mascio
    doi: 10.1021/acsanm.2c05482

  1. Wide visible-range activatable fluorescence ZnSe:Eu3+/Mn2+@ZnS quantum dots: local atomic structure order and application as a nanoprobe for bioimaging
    J. Mater. Chem. B, Vol. 10 - 2, pp. 247-261 (2022)
    ZU Khan, MK Uchiyama, LU Khan, K Araki, H Goto, MCFC Felinto, AO de Souza, HF de Brito, M Gidlund
    doi: 10.1039/D1TB01870A

  2. Electronic and crystal structure analyses of boron doped LiFeO2 cathode material by the XAFS spectroscopy
    Materials Today Communications, Vol. 31, pp. 103571 (2022)
    S Gunaydin, M Harfouche, OM Ozkendir
    doi: 10.1016/j.mtcomm.2022.103571

  3. Ag/AgCl Clusters Derived from AgCu Alloy Nanoparticles as Electrocatalyst for Oxygen Reduction Reaction
    Sustainable Energy Fuels, Vol. , pp. (2022)
    T. Balkan, H. Küçükkeçeci, D. Aksoy, M. Harfouche, O. Metin, K. Sarp
    doi: 10.1039/D2SE00472K

  4. Coupling between [gamma]-irradiation and synchrotron-radiation-based XAFS techniques for studying Mn-doped ZnO nanoparticles
    Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, Vol. 29 - 5, pp. (2022)
    NG Imam, M Harfouche, AA Azab, S Solyman
    doi: 10.1107/S1600577522006439

  5. Hierarchical Porous Carbon Nitride-Crumpled Nanosheet-Embedded Copper Single Atoms: An Efficient Catalyst for Carbon Monoxide Oxidation
    ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, Vol. 14 - 36, pp. 40749-40760 (2022)
    K. Eid, M.H. Sliem, M. Alejji, A.M. Abdullah, M. Harfouche, R.S. Varma
    doi: 10.1021/acsami.2c06782

  6. High Dielectric Transparent Film Tailored by Acceptor and Donor Codoping
    Small, Vol. n/a - n/a, pp. 2107168 (2022)
    D Huang, Y Shi, M Younas, RTA Khan, M Nadeem, K Shati, M Harfouche, U Kentsch, Z Liu, Y Li, S Zhou, A Kuznestov, FC Ling
    doi: 10.1002/smll.202107168

  7. Hydrothermal synthesis and characterization of transition metal (Mn/Fe/Cu) co-doped cerium oxide-based nano-additives for potential use in the reduction of exhaust emission from spark ignition engines
    RSC Adv., Vol. 12 - 24, pp. 15564-15574 (2022)
    N Qadeer, N Jabeen, LU Khan, M Sohail, M Zaheer, M Vaqas, A Kanwal, F Sajid, S Qamar, Z Akhter
    doi: 10.1039/D2RA01954J

  8. Emergence of the first XAFS/XRF beamline in the Middle East: providing studies of elements and their atomic/electronic structure in pluridisciplinary research fields
    Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, Vol. 29 - 4, pp. (2022)
    M Harfouche, M Abdellatief, Y Momani, A Abbadi, M Al Najdawi, M Al Zoubi, B Aljamal, S Matalgah, LU Khan, A Lausi, G Paolucci
    doi: 10.1107/S1600577522005215

  9. Synthesis and Characterization of a Carbon-Supported Cobalt Nitride Nano-Catalyst
    ChemNanoMat, Vol. 8 - 2, pp. e202100428-17 (2022)
    A Rubab, N Baig, M Sher, M Ali, A Ul-Hamid, N Jabeen, LU Khan, M Sohail
    doi: 10.1002/cnma.202100428

  10. Temperature-Dependent Speciation Analysis of Chromium Immobilized in Calcium Hydroxyapatite Matrix
    International Journal of Environmental Research, Vol. 16 - 4, pp. 40 (2022)
    S Iqbal, Y Faiz, M Harfouche, M Saifullah, J Yun
    doi: 10.2139/ssrn.3926998

  1. Synchrotron X-ray fluorescence and X-ray absorption near edge structure of low concentration arsenic in ambient air particulates
    J. Anal. At. Spectrom., Vol. 36 - 5, pp. 981-992 (2021)
    AA Shaltout, M Harfouche, FAS Hassan, D Eichert
    doi: 10.1039/D0JA00504E

  2. Carbide-Supported PtRu Catalysts for Hydrogen Oxidation Reaction in Alkaline Electrolyte
    ACS Catal., Vol. 11 - 2, pp. 932-947 (2021)
    ER Hamo, RK Singh, JC Douglin, S Chen, MB Hassine, E Carbo-Argibay, S Lu, H Wang, PJ Ferreira, BA Rosen, DR Dekel
    doi: 10.1021/acscatal.0c03973

  3. Synchrotron XANES and EXAFS evidences for Cr+6 and V+5 reduction within the oil shale ashes through mixing with natural additives and hydration process
    Heliyon, Vol. 7 - 4, pp. e06769 (2021)
    T. El-Hasan, M. Harfouche, A. Aldrabee, N. Abdelhadi, N. Abu-Jaber, G. Aquilanti
    doi: 10..1016/j.heliyon.2021.e06769

  4. Seed-mediated synthesis and characterization of ZnO-Fe2O3 nanospheres: Building up the core-shell model
    Journal of Crystal Growth, Vol. 572, pp. 126279 (2021)
    S.I. Ahmed
    doi: 10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2021.126279

  5. Synthesis and comparative evaluation of optical and electrochemical properties of Ni+2 and Pr+3 ions co-doped mesoporous TiO2 nanoparticles with undoped Titania
    Applied Nanoscience, Vol. 11 - 9, pp. 2397-2413 (2021)
    A Bashir, U Rafique, R Bashir, S Jamil, F Bashir, M Sultan, M Mubeen, Z Mehmood, A Iqbal, Z Akhter
    doi: 10.1007/s13204-021-02049-2

  6. Investigating Local Structure of Ion-Implanted (Ni2+) and Thermally Annealed Rock Salt CoO Film by EXAFS Simulation Using Evolutionary Algorithm
    ACS Appl. Energy Mater., Vol. 4 - 3, pp. 2049-2055 (2021)
    LU Khan, N Jabeen, I Jabbar, S Jamil, A Kanwal, Z Akhter, M Usman, MZ Abid, M Harfouche
    doi: 10.1021/acsaem.0c02676

  7. Magnetic Properties and Environmental Temperature Effects on Battery Performance of Na0.67Mn0.5Fe0.5O2
    Energy Technology, Vol. 9 - 5, pp. 2001130 (2021)
    S. Altin, A. Bayri, E. Altin, E. Oz, S. Yasar, S. AltundaAY, M. Harfouche, S. Avci
    doi: 10.1002/ente.202001130

  8. The significance of the local structure of cobalt-based catalysts on the photoelectrochemical water oxidation activity of BiVO4
    Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 366, pp. 137467 (2021)
    M Barzgar Vishlaghi, A Kahraman, S Apaydin, E Usman, D Aksoy, T Balkan, S Munir, M Harfouche, H Ogasawara, S Kaya
    doi: 10.1016/j.electacta.2020.137467

  9. Geochemical changes of Mn in contaminated agricultural soils nearby historical mine tailings: Insights from XAS, XRD and, SEP
    Chemical Geology, Vol. 573, pp. 120217 (2021)
    A Morales-Pérez, V Moreno-Rodríguez, R Del Rio-Salas, NG Imam, B González-Méndez, T Pi-Puig, F Molina-Freaner, R Loredo-Portales
    doi: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2021.120217

  10. Synthesis and comparative evaluation of optical and electrochemical properties of efficacious heterostructured-nanocatalysts of ZnSe with commercial and reduced titania
    Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 879, pp. 160449 (2021)
    S Jamil, N Jabeen, LU Khan, A Bashir, N Janjua, M Harfouche, M Sohail, AH Siddique, A Iqbal, N Qadeer, Z Akhter
    doi: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2021.160449

  11. Study on crystallographic and electronic structure of micrometre-scale ZnO and ZnO:B rods via X-ray absorption fine-structure spectroscopy
    Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, Vol. 28, pp. 448-454 (2021)
    S. Erat, O.M. Ozkendir, S. Yildirimcan, S. Gunaydin, M. Harfouche, B. Demir, A. Braun
    doi: 10.1107/S1600577520015866

  1. LiNi0.8Co0.15Ti0.05O2: synthesis by solid state reaction and investigation of structural and electrochemical properties with enhanced battery performance
    Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, Vol. 31 - 22, pp. 20527-20538 (2020)
    A Bayri, E Gocer, E Altin, S Altundag, E Oz, M Harfouche, S Altin, S Avci
    doi: 10.1007/s10854-020-04572-4

  2. Electronic structure and electrochemical analysis of the Li2Mn1-xSexO3 materials on April 02, 2020.
    Solid State Ionics, Vol. 349, pp. 115299 (2020)
    O.M. Ozkendir, G. Celik, S. Ates, S. Aktas, S. Gunaydin, M. Harfouche, F. Bondino, E. Magnano, H. Baveghar, I. Ulfat
    doi: 10.1016/j.ssi.2020.115299

  3. Highly efficient 3D-ZnO nanosheet photoelectrodes for solar-driven water splitting: Chalcogenide nanoparticle sensitization and mathematical modeling
    Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 828, pp. 154472 (2020)
    CT Altaf, M Faraji, A Kumtepe, N Abdullayeva, N Yilmaz, E Karagoz, A Bozbey, H Kurt, M Sankir, ND Sankir
    doi: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2020.154472

  4. Local lattice relaxation around Tl substitutional impurities in a NaI(Tl) scintillator crystal
    Radiation Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 177, pp. 108992 (2020)
    A Filipponi, G Profeta, N Di Marco, V Zema, K Schäffner, F Reindl, M Harfouche, A Trapananti, A Di Cicco
    doi: 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2020.108992

  5. An investigation of the improvement in energy storage performance of Na2/3Mn1/2Fe1/2O2 by systematic Al-substitution
    Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, Vol. 31 - 17, pp. 14784-14794 (2020)
    S Altin, S AltundaAY, E Altin, M Harfouche, A Bayri
    doi: 10.1007/s10854-020-04042-x

  6. Investigation of Ti-substitution effects on structural and electrochemical properties of Na0.67Mn0.5Fe0.5O2 battery cells
    International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 44 - 14, pp. 11794-11806 (2020)
    S Altin, S Altundag, E Altin, E Oz, M Harfouche, A Bayri
    doi: 10.1002/er.5820

  1. Lyotropic Liquid Crystalline Mesophases Made of Salt-Acid-Surfactant Systems for the Synthesis of Novel Mesoporous Lithium Metal Phosphates
    ChemPlusChem, Vol. 84, pp. 1-11 (2019)
    I. Uzunok, J. Kim, T. O. Colak, D. S. Kim, H. Kim, M. Kim, Y. Yamauchi, O. Dag
    doi: 10.1002/cplu.201900435

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    S. JAMIL

XAFS/XRF Beamline Senior Scientist
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Latif Ullah KHAN
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